Should I let my baby learn Pinyin in advance? Grasp the laws of children’s cognitive development and educate them to be more confident
In ancient times, there was no pinyin. It was not until the establishment of the Republic and gradually popularized education that the “Chinese Pinyin Plan” was formulated.
Writer: Wang Xiaoming
Editor: Wang Zhifeng
Finalized: Su Zihou
As parents, always think that children can be ahead of others Take one step and win at the starting line of life, so many parents will start their children’s education early, such as learning pinyin.
The pictures are all from the Internet, and the pictures and texts are irrelevant
Mengmeng is in the second grade of elementary school this year, and her academic performance is very average. This caused her mother to be very worried and anxious, regretting why she didn’t let her learn more before the child entered elementary school. As a result, there is no way to keep up with the steps after entering elementary school.
With the lesson of the boss, Mengmeng’s mother was ready for her second child. She didn’t want her baby to lag behind other people, so she started training at the kindergarten stage. Institutions learn Pinyin.
At the beginning, my second child followed the nursery rhymes to learn the Pinyin alphabet, which made my mother very pleased. But after a period of learning, he started to resist the spelling, knowing all the letters individually, so it would be dumbfounded to read the letters together.
This situation made my mother very anxious. For a time, she suspected that the training organization was not capable, and planned to try another one.
In real life, many parents like Mengmeng mothers are afraid that their children will not be able to keep up with their studies, which will allow some preschool children to learn elementary school knowledge in advance, and fear that their children will not be able to keep up with the rhythm after they go to elementary school. .
But parents are worried about their children losing at the starting line, but they ignore that there is a certain pattern in the cognitive development of babies. If they don’t let them learn early, they can be one step faster, and they may become A kind of nurturing method will not help the child’s learning in any way.
The child goes to elementary school Before, do you want to learn pinyin in advance? What experts say
Follow The preschool education syllabus stipulates that children cannot be taught to learn Chinese Pinyin in kindergarten, but most parents unanimously hope that after entering kindergarten, school teachers can teach some Chinese Pinyin, because those children who have been exposed to Pinyin in kindergarten , Because I am too unfamiliar with Pinyin, I need to bear a lot of pressure.
In fact, in ancient times, there was no such thing as pinyin. It was not until the establishment of the Republic and gradually popularized education that the “Chinese Pinyin Plan”, that is, the current teaching plan, began to be formulated.
Therefore, Pinyin can only be said to be a tool for learning Chinese characters, but it cannot be used as the only way to learn to recognize characters. It is not necessary to learn Pinyin in advance for the purpose of recognizing characters. It can only be said to be an aid to learning Chinese characters. Methods.
Take the example above, let children about 3 years old learn Pinyin. For them, their abstract thinking has not yet developed at this time. They can only learn and recognize the Pinyin letters through nursery rhymes, and they cannot do spelling. Because phonics requires abstract thinking, it is very difficult for children to learn. If the parents also force the learning to be difficult, the children will feel pressured and even lose interest in learning.
To sum up, parents should let their children learn step by step.
Children’s recognition Cognitive development process
Cognitive development refers to children’s way of thinking and abilities when facing things and problems in the process of adapting to the environment from birth, which will continue to change and develop with age.
The well-known psychologist Piaget divides human cognitive development into four stages, from the development of perceptual movement to the pre-calculation stage, then gradually to the specific calculation stage, and finally to the formal calculation stage.
The emphasis is on the cognitive development of children aged 0-2, that is, the stage of perception movement, as follows:
1. Reflex exercise period (birth-month)
Newborn babies, If we put a finger on their mouth or gently touch their lips, the baby will suck immediately. This is a kind of congenital unconditional reflex. Newborns have more than 30 such reflexes, such as swallowing reflex, Sucking reflex, crying, etc.
2. Habitual movements and perception formation period (1～4 months)
Baby at this stage gradually begins to develop their own movements. If we shake the rattle, they will His eyes follow the trajectory of the rattle.
Some children start to eat their own little hands. At this time, parents only need to clean the baby’s hands and let him chew as much as he wants. In the end, the whole fist may be stuffed into the mouth and slowly become fingers, which belongs to the baby’s fine motor development. process.
3. Period of gradual formation of purposeful actions (4-9 months)
This month-old baby no longer only eats his own little hands, but will also begin to actively explore scientific research contacts At the bottom line, whatever it is, they will put it in their mouths to “taste”. At this stage, their mouths are a major way for them to explore the world and things.
And the 7-month-old baby will gradually form a permanent awareness of the object. From the very beginning, the parent covers a piece of cloth and thinks that it does not exist until he knows to open the cloth to find the toy.
4. Means and purpose differentiation and coordination period (9-12 months)
This month-old baby knows to call an adult to help or express his thoughts. If he wants to take a toy on the table, he cannot reach it. At the time, you will pull up your hand, signal to help him take it, and get the correct item, you will be very happy; when you tell him to go out and play, you will dance with joy.
The above behaviors of a child indicate that the baby’s actions and methods are constantly diversifying, and then the intelligent actions gradually appear, and he appears to be smarter.
5. Perceive action wisdom period (12-18 months)
This month-old baby will take things in his own way. If the parents are not around, the things they want to play with are placed on the bed. They will first reach out to get it, and when they don’t get it, they will start to try some methods. After accidentally turning to the bed sheet, they will find that the toy will move, and they will continue to pull the bed sheet until they get their favorite toy.
6. Wisdom integration period (18-24 months)
At this stage, the baby has learned to find a way on his own. For example, if you can’t get the snacks you want to eat, you will move in Step on the small bench to get enough, and this behavior is imitated from family members. They have gradually developed the ability to imitate, and their brains will gradually think about some ways to solve the problem.
How to make it Pinyin basics?
The purpose of learning Pinyin is to apply what you have learned, not to learn faster than anyone else, but to learn to master a commonly used language tool, such as reading Pinyin readings independently after learning Pinyin.
For the connection of young children, it is just a way to go with the flow and cannot be used as the purpose of learning pinyin in advance. Therefore, before children go to elementary school, as long as they can understand and learn to read spelling, don’t pay too much attention to pinyin. “Writing”.
There are many ways to learn Pinyin. If you want to be efficient, you need to use appropriate methods, such as learning in games, learning in story scenes, etc., which can not only reduce the boring and burden of the learning process, but also make learning more effective. effect. Return to Sohu to see more
Three performances suggest that children should use pillows No, sleep more soundly, it also helps spinal development
Writer: Chen Fang
Editor: Liu Yizhi
Finalized: Su Zihou
“Can’t give children a pillow” seems to have become a common understanding of many mothers, but this is only for newborn babies, because their bodies are too soft, and using pillows too early will cause cervical spine Adverse effects, but at a certain stage, pillows are indispensable.
The pictures in this article are all from the Internet , The graphics and text are irrelevant
These three manifestations imply that the child needs to use a pillow
1, actively use the pillow
When the baby sleeps, it will be because there is no pillow. When they feel uncomfortable with the pillow, they will take the initiative to look for the pillow, so the most common thing is to take the parent’s pillow as their own.
However, parents’ pillows are not suitable for babies in terms of height and material, so when they have this behavior, they need to be corrected in time and give them a suitable pillow.
2. Sleeping is not secure< /p>
This situation is mainly manifested in that you like to move around when you sleep. It is usually quieter when you are just born, but as the month grows, your baby will have this kind of sleepiness.
The usual crying is different. At this time, the baby will not make a lot of noise, but will easily wake up or move around frequently. This situation also implies that he needs to use a pillow.
3, Lying on the arm to fall asleep
When children sleep, they always move to the parent’s arm or lie on it to fall asleep. This is because they need to raise their head a little to sleep comfortably, so it appears This behavior also requires pillows for children.
The function of using pillows
As we all know, we don’t need to use pillows when children are born, but they need to be arranged in time at a certain stage. It is more beneficial, and the specific benefits are shown in these aspects——
A. It is more beneficial to the blood circulation of the baby’s head. The pillow can regulate the metabolic activity of neurohumoral fluid, which can also be faster Entering the sleep state, the overall sleep quality can also be improved, allowing the baby to sleep more soundly.
B. 3 at birth At about a month or so, the baby’s cervical spine will gradually bend forward. If you just lie flat, it is prone to breathing problems. Adding a pillow at this time can help him keep his breathing smooth and help him sleep.
C. Children’s spine will change at different stages, and pillows can adapt to this change well and play a supporting role, so as to help them develop in a healthy direction.
How to choose a pillow
① The pillow core is moderately firm
The baby’s skull is relatively soft, and the fontanelles and sutures are not completely closed. If the pillow core is too Hard words can easily cause problems such as partial face, especially for babies who already have problems such as rickets. In addition, a too hard pillow can easily wear out the hair that touches the pillow, causing problems such as baldness of the baby’s pillow.
The pillow is too soft , The baby’s head is difficult to support, and some younger babies may have suffocation problems.
So in the choice of pillow core, you can choose materials such as buckwheat hull, which is not only moderately soft and hard, but also has strong moisture absorption and air permeability, which can absorb sweat and keep the pillow dry .
② The choice of pillowcase material
The part that is in direct contact with the baby must be the pillowcase, so the choice of this part is also more important. Usually, the choice of pure cotton material is more Suitable, this material is relatively soft and will not harm the skin.
③ Usage status in different months
After 3 months, the baby’s body will change. In order to be able to maintain the most comfortable position while sleeping, pillows need to be used for adjustment, and there will be differences in different months of age——
A, 3-5 months
At this time, the cervical spine will bend forward. In order to conform to this physiological development direction, it is necessary to maintain a proper posture.
It is more appropriate to choose a pillow with a height of 1~2 cm. Usually, you can use a pure cotton towel as a pillow after facing it.
B, 6~8 Month
At this stage, children will start to learn the posture of crawling and sitting, the thoracic spine will gradually develop backwards, and the shoulders will begin to widen. In order to adapt to this development, you need to add 3~4 Centimeter pillows maintain their comfort.
Extended reading: cleaning and care of baby pillows
First of all, we need to be clear that the baby is in the stage of rapid development, and the metabolism is relatively strong, and there will be more heads. Sweat, it is easy to wet the pillow, so that it is easy to breed bacteria.
At the same time, children at this stage are prone to drooling when sleeping. If they are not cleaned in time, they are prone to stink and affect their sleep.
Therefore, pillowcases should be washed frequently It usually needs to be kept 1-2 times a week. After cleaning, it is best to expose it to the sun. If there is no sun, it needs to be disinfected and sterilized with boiling water.
In addition, when cleaning the pillowcase, the pillow core should also be removed for cleaning or exposure. Normally, exposure is the mainstay, and the cleaning frequency should not be too high. The ultraviolet rays in the sun can also play a good bactericidal effect, eliminating bacteria and mites attached to it. Return to Sohu to see more